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In this lesson, students will learn about a group of people and their desire to return to their homeland, many of whom have been refugees for nearly 30 years. The struggle of the Sahrawi people to claim Western Sahara introduces students to the idea that the security of home and a place to live is not something to be taken for granted. The women and children fled Western Sahara to live in Algeria in 1976. Since that time, they have struggled to organize themselves, bring education and health care to their people, and increase international awareness of their plight. In 2000, the National Union of the Sahrawi Women started a race, the Sahara Marathon, to publicize their situation and bring resources to their community. In this lesson, students will visit a series of Web sites to learn about the history of the Sahrawi people, their relationship with neighboring countries, their lives as refugees, and how these women have used their power to organize and obtain the resources they need to thrive in such a hostile environment.


In the summer of 2006, as the Iranian-backed Hezbollah fought off Israelis in Lebanon and President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad faced down President George Bush at the United Nations, a bus full of Iranian pilgrims left Tehran on a journey to the holy city of Karbala, deep inside a shattered Iraq. “Pilgrimage To Karbala” follows this intense journey into the heartlands of Shia Islam, revealing how two ancient crimes — the murder of Muhammad’s grandson and the disappearance of a six-year-old imam became the founding legends of Shiism and increasingly dominate events and attitudes in the Middle East today.

Grade: 7th – 10th Grade
Brief Description: Migration is a recurring theme in world history. Students will recognize the complex interactions between groups of people who come in contact with one another, using the Aryan migration into India and the current conflict in Darfur. They should be able to explain that conflicts in these areas have many causes including the relationship between agrarians and pastoralists.

1) Students will be able to identify that the effects of migration are evident in both ancient and
contemporary cultures
2) Students will be able to define “pastoralist” and “agrarian” and explain the relationships between these groups of people.
3) Students should be able to make some connections between the migrations of the Aryans and the settling down of pastoralists in Sudan.

Lesson Plan

GRADES: 9-12 (More appropriate for the higher-level and AP courses.)

DESCRIPTION: This lesson plan will address the current crisis in the Sudan and Darfur.

The history, including economic history, imperializing of the area, and migration patterns will have already been studied. Current issues with internal disruptions are the focus of this lesson.

TIME: one block period or two traditional class periods

Lesson Plan

Aicha is a Senegalese second grader from a local village outside of Dakar. Students have already been introduced to Aicha earlier in the year and understand that she lives in a village. Ballel has also been introduced as Aicha’s cousin, also Senegalese, but living in Dakar.

Description: Aicha visits her cousin Ballel in the city of Dakar, spending the weekend, and taking a tour of the city in search of items to prepare Ceebu jen a national dish which can be eaten after going to la mosquée on Saturdays. The items needed for the dish can be found at Le Marché Sandaga.
Time: One to two weeks based on 30 minutes lessons three times per week.

Objectives: Students will visit le Marche Sandaga to purchase items needed for Ceebu jen , a flavorsome marinated fish cooked with tomato paste and a variety of vegetables. Student will also use basic French phrases to communicate with the merchants.

Lesson Plan

A teaching resource about Senegal and West Africa, for educators providing meaningful thematic lesson plans, web quests, and manipulatives connected to State of Michigan Standards and Benchmarks. The themes of globalization, migration, language policy, literacy, and popular culture are incorporated in lessons ranging from family and community life for the elementary classroom to structural adjustment at the university level.

The Salt of Life by Nancy Miller

Grade Level: 5-8

Students will be able to:

* Identify the conditions that define a desert.
* Explain several cultural adaptations the Tuareg have made to their environment.
* Trace the development of the salt trade in Africa.
* Describe the effects of modern technology upon the salt trade and the Tuaregs.

Lesson Plan

Muslims in New Zealand: This is a special issue of the New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies which contains seven papers on the theme of Islam and the place of Muslims on New Zealand.

Islam in New Zealand


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